Digital India : Government Scheme
Digital India is a programme to transform India into digital empowered society and knowledge economy. This programme has been envisaged by the Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY). The Digital India aims to transform the country into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy It would also bring in public accountability through mandated delivery of government’s services electronically, a Unique ID and e-Pramaan based on authentic and standard based interoperable and integrated government applications and data basis.
Digital India Objective:-
Digital India aims to provide the much-needed thrust to the nine pillars of growth areas, namely
- Broadband Highways,
- Universal Access to Mobile Connectivity,
- Public Internet Access Programme,
- e-Governance: Reforming Government through Technology,
- e-Kranti - Electronic Delivery of Services,
- Information for All,
- Electronics Manufacturing,
- IT for Jobs
- Early Harvest Programmes.
The vision areas of Digital India:
- Infrastructure as Utility to Every Citizen
- Governance and Services on Demand
- Digital Empowerment of Citizens
Infrastructure as Utility to Every Citizen:
- High-speed internet as a core utility shall be made available in all Gram Panchayats.
- Cradle to grave digital identity - unique, lifelong, online and authenticable.
- Mobile phone and Bank account would enable participation in digital and financial space at an individual level.
- Easy access to a Common Service Centre within their locality.
- Shareable private space on a public Cloud.
- Safe and secure Cyber-space in the country.
Governance and Services on Demand:
- Seamlessly integrated across departments or jurisdictions to provide easy and single window access to all persons.
- Government services are available in real time from online and mobile platforms.
- All citizen entitlements to be available on the Cloud to ensure easy access.
- Government services digitally transformed for improving Ease of Doing Business.
- Making financial transactions above a threshold, electronic and cashless.
- Leveraging GIS for decision support systems and development.
Digital Empowerment of Citizens:
- Universal digital literacy.
- All digital resources are universally accessible.
- All Government documents/ certificates to be available on the Cloud.
- Availability of digital resources/services in Indian languages.
- Collaborative digital platforms for participative governance.
- Portability of all entitlements for individuals through the Cloud.
Scope of Digital India:
- To prepare India for a knowledge future.
- On being transformative that is to realize IT (Indian Talent) + IT (Information Technology) = IT (India Tomorrow).
- Making technology central to enabling change.
- The programme weaves together a large number of ideas and thoughts into a single, comprehensive vision so that each of them is seen as part of a larger goal. Each individual element stands on its own but is also part of the larger picture.
- The weaving together makes the Mission transformative in totality.
Approach and Methodology:
- Ministries / Departments / States would fully leverage the Common and Support ICT Infrastructure established by the Government of India.
- The existing/ ongoing e-Governance initiatives would be revamped to align them with the principles of Digital India. Scope enhancement, Process Reengineering, use of integrated & interoperable systems and deployment of emerging technologies like Cloud & mobile would be undertaken to enhance the delivery of Government services to citizens.
- States would be given the flexibility to identify for the inclusion of additional state-specific projects, which are relevant to their socio-economic needs.
- e-Governance would be promoted through a centralised initiative to the extent necessary, to ensure citizen-centric service orientation.
- Successes would be identified and their replication promoted proactively.
- Public-Private Partnerships would be preferred wherever feasible.
- Adoption of Unique ID would be promoted to facilitate identification, authentication and delivery of benefits.
- Restructuring of NIC would be undertaken to strengthen the IT support to all government departments at the Centre and State levels.
- The positions of Chief Information Officers (CIO) would be created in at least 10 key ministries so that various e-Governance projects could be designed, developed and implemented faster.
- Deity would create necessary senior positions within the department for managing the programme.
- Central Ministries / Departments and State Governments would have the overall responsibility for the implementation of various Mission Mode and other projects under this Programme. Considering the need for overall aggregation and integration at the national level, it is considered appropriate to implement Digital India as a programme with well-defined roles and responsibilities of each agency involved.
Program Management Structure:
A programme management structure would be established for monitoring implementation. Key components of the management structure would consist of the following:-
- Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) for according approval to projects,
- a Monitoring Committee headed by the Prime Minister,
- a Digital India Advisory Group chaired by the Minister of Communications and IT,
- an Apex Committee chaired by the Cabinet Secretary and the Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC)/Committee on Non Plan Expenditure (CNE).
You can also go through other Government Schemes launched in recent times by BJP Government which would be very helpful for the preparation for UPSC, State PCS and other Government Exams:-
- Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
- Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana
- Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana
- Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana
- Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)
- Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana
- Make in India
- Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana
- Atal Pension Yojana
- Jal Shakti Abhiyan
- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
- Udaan Scheme
- Skill India