Folk Dances of India
India has a very rich as well as a very diverse culture spreading from J&K in north to Kanyakumari in South. Folk and tribal dances are very simple form of dances which are performed in normal functions to express joy like harvesting season, family get together, wedding and other festivals. There are lots of questions being asked from the Indian Folk dances every year in exams like UPSC, State PSCs, SSC and other Government exams. Here we are providing key features, state-wise folk dances and difference between folk an classical dances.
Folk Dance Key Features:-
- No rules and regulations: There are no rules and regulations in performing folk dance. These are free style dances.
- No costumes: There are no pre-defined costumes or movements required for these folk dances.
- Deeply routed with traditions: These folk dances are deeply routed with local traditions and cultures.
- No training required:-As there are no rules and regulation for these folk dances, therefore, there is no training required for these type of dances.
- Local Funtions:- Folk dances are performed during local gatherings and function like harvesting season, family get together, wedding and other festivals.
- Local Languages: Rhythm and songs which are used during folk dances are also of local languages.
- Performed for fun: These type of dances are basically performed for fun.
Folk Dances in India State-wise
Kuchipudi, Vilasini Natyam, Andhra Natyam, Bhamakalpam, Veeranatyam, Dappu, Tappeta Gullu, Lambadi, Dhimsa, Kolattam, Butta Bommalu.
Bihu, Bichhua, Natpuja, Maharas, Kaligopal, Bagurumba, Naga dance, Khel Gopal, Tabal Chongli, Canoe, Jhumura Hobjanai
Jata-Jatin, Bakho-Bakhain, Panwariya, Sama Chakwa, Bidesia.
Garba, Dandiya Ras, Tippani Juriun, Bhavai.
Jhumar, Phag, Daph, Dhamal, Loor, Gugga, Khor, Gagor.
Jhora, Jhali, Chharhi, Dhaman, Chhapeli, Mahasu, Nati, Dangi.
Jammu and Kashmir
Rauf, Hikat, Mandjas, Kud Dandi Nach, Damali.
Yakshagan, Huttari, Suggi, Kunitha, Karga, Lambi.
Kathakali (Classical), Ottam Thulal, Mohiniattam, Kaikottikali.
Lavani, Nakata, Koli, Lezim, Gafa, Dahikala Dasavtar or Bohada.
Odissi (Classical), Savari, Ghumara, Painka, Munari, Chhau.
Kathi, Gambhira, Dhali, Jatra, Baul, Marasia, Mahal, Keertan.
Bhangra, Giddha, Daff, Dhaman, Bhand, Naqual.
Ghumar, Chakri, Ganagor, Jhulan Leela, Jhuma, Suisini, Ghapal, Kalbeliya.
Bharatanatyam, Kumi, Kolattam, Kavadi.
Nautanki, Raslila, Kajri, Jhora, Chappeli, Jaita.
Garhwali, Kumayuni, Kajari, Jhora, Raslila, Chappeli.
Tarangamel, Koli, Dekhni, Fugdi, Shigmo, Ghode, Modni, Samayi nrutya, Jagar, Ranmale, Gonph, Tonnya mell.
Jawara, Matki, Aada, Khada Nach, Phulpati, Grida Dance, Selalarki, Selabhadoni, Maanch.
Gaur Maria, Panthi, Raut Nacha, Pandwani, Vedamati, Kapalik, Bharthari Charit, Chandaini.
Alkap, Karma Munda, Agni, Jhumar, Janani Jhumar, Mardana Jhumar, Paika, Phagua,Hunta Dance, Mundari Dance, Sarhul, Barao, Jhitka, Danga, Domkach, Ghora Naach.
Buiya, Chalo, Wancho, Pasi Kongki, Ponung, Popir, Bardo Chham.
Dol Cholam, Thang Ta, Lai Haraoba, Pung Cholom, Khamba Thaibi, Nupa Dance, Raslila, Khubak Ishei, Lhou Sha.
Ka Shad Suk Mynsiem, Nongkrem, Laho.
Cheraw Dance, Khuallam, Chailam, Sawlakin, Chawnglaizawn, Zangtalam, Par Lam, Sarlamkai/Solakia, Tlanglam.
Rangma, Bamboo Dance, Zeliang, Nsuirolians, Gethinglim, Temangnetin, Hetaleulee.
Chu Faat Dance, Sikmari, Singhi Chaam or the Snow Lion Dance, Yak Chaam, Denzong Gnenha, Tashi Yangku Dance, Khukuri Naach, Chutkey Naach, Maruni Dance.
Lava, Kolkali, Parichakali.
Folk dance Vrs Classical Dance
No rules and regulations: There are no rules and regulations in performing folk dance. These are free style dances.
Rules and regulations: There are strict rules and regulations along with movement & gestures also known as mudras in performing classical dance.
No costumes: There are no pre-defined costumes or movements required for these folk dances.
Costumes: There are pre-defined unique costume, jewellery and stance required for these dances.
Deeply routed with traditions: These folk dances are deeply routed with local traditions and cultures.
Age old traditions: They have a long cultural lineage age old tradition, with and follow guru- shishya parampara.
No training required:-As there are no rules and regulation for these folk dances, therefore, there is no training required for these type of dances.
Training required:-As there are strict rules and regulation for these dances, therefore, there lot of training and skills is required to master these type of dances.
Local Funtions:- Folk dances are performed during local gatherings and function like harvesting season, family get together, wedding and other festivals. Rhythm and songs which are used during folk dances are also of local languages.
Performed for Audience: These type of dances are basically performed for audience which evokes a lot of emotions. These dances shows some mythologies or devotional plots.
Performed for fun: These type of dances are basically performed for fun.
These dances are based on three features; nritta (pada sanchalan), nritya (anga sanchalan) and natya (abhinay).
Not recognized from Sangeet Natak Academy
Sangeet natak academy : These type of dances should be recognised by the Sangeet natak academy. The academy approves whether a particular dance should be included as a classical dance or not.
Here you can get other information related to Art and Culture of India which would be very helpful for various Government Exams like UPSC, State PSCs, SSC, etc.