Indian Civilian Awards
Indian Civilian Awards are recognition of exceptional and distinguished service in various fields. It could be an individual or a group of people. Indians Civilian awards are for various fields, such as Social Work, Public Affairs, Sports, Civil Services, Medicine, Literature, etc. These awards are given in the form of a medal, certificate, titles, trophy etc. Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award. Bharat Ratna is followed by Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri in the end. Apart from this various Military Awards are also given for military services which have also been covered in this article.
List of Civilians Awards in India
- Bharat Ratna
- Padma Vibhushan
- Padma Bhushan
- Padma Shri
Bharat Ratan is acclaimed as higest civilian award of India. Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is eligible for these awards. Bharat Ratan is awarded in recognition of exceptional service or performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour. Here, we bring a list of awardees of Bharat Ratan from 1954, since its inception till date. Now a days, lots of questions being asked from the Bharat Ratan recipient list every year in exams like UPSC, State PSCs, SSC and other Government exams. Here we are providing list of Bharat Ratan Awardees.
- Introduction:- Bharat Ratna was first introduced in year 1954.
- Devnagri Script:- The text “Bharat Ratna” is written in Devanagari Script on the upper edge in silver gilt
- It is also not mandatory that Bharat Ratna be awarded every year.
- Recommendation:-The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister himself to the President.
- No Monetary grant:- No money is awarded with the Bharat Ratan.
- Annual Awardees Limit:- There is a limit to the total awards which could be given in one year i.e. maximum of three.
- Criteria:- The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science, and public services, but the government expanded the criteria to include “any field of human endeavour” in December 2011.
- Total awardees:- Award has been given to 45 individuals, including 12 who were awarded posthumously.
- Padma Vibhushan
- Padma Bhushan
- Padma Shri
Features of Padma Awards
- Introduction:- These awards were started in 1954.
- Presented during:- Padma awards are conferred by the President of India at ceremonial functions which are held at Rashtrapati Bhawan normally around March/ April every year.
- Eligibility criteria:- Everyone is eligible as there are no distinction of race, occupation, sex or position. However, Government employees including those who are working in Public Sector Undertakings, except scientists and doctors, are not eligible for Padma Awards.
- Posthumously:- Padma awards are not given posthumously. However, in case of highly deserving cases, the Government may consider giving a padma award posthumously.
- Certificate:- Awardees of padma awards are presented with a certificate signed by the President and they are also given a medallion.
- Padma Awards Committee:- These Awards are given on the recommendations made by the Padma Awards Committee. The committee is constituted by the Prime Minister every year. The nomination process for the awardees is open for the public.
- Title/Suffix/Prefix:- Padma awards do not amount to a title and cannot be used as a suffix or prefix to the awardees’ name.
How Padma Awards are decided?
All nominations received for Padma Awards are placed before the Padma Awards Committee. The Committee is headed by the Cabinet Secretary and also includes Home Secretary, Secretary to the President and four to six other important persons as members of this committee. The recommendations of the committee are submitted to the Prime Minister and the President of India for approval for the awardees.
Padma Vibhushan is second highest Civilian award of Republic of India after Bharat Ratna. Padma Vibhushan is presented to people for their extraordinary and distinguished service or work in various fields ranging from Medicine, science and engineering, art, trade and industry, Literature, Civil Services, Sports, Social Work, Public Affairs, etc.
Padma Bhushan is the third highest Civilian award of Republic of India after Bharat Ratna and Padma Vibhushan. Padma Bhushan is presented to people for their extraordinary and distinguished service or work in various fields ranging from Medicine, science and engineering, art, trade and industry, Literature, Civil Services, Sports, Social Work, Public Affairs, etc.
Padma Shri is the fourth highest civilian award of Republic of India after Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhushan and Padma Bhushan. Padma Shri is presented to people for their extraordinary and distinguished service or work in various fields ranging from Medicine, science and engineering, art, trade and industry, Literature, Civil Services, Sports, Social Work, Public Affairs, etc.
- Param Veer Chakra: Param Veer Chakra is the highest award for military services, and it is given on the height of services during battles or wars. Till date only 20 army personnel and one air force personnel has been awarded with Param Veer Chakra.
- Maha Veer Chakra: Maha Veer Chakra is the second highest award for military services. This award is presented to the act of braveness during the war.
- Veer Chakra: Veer Chakra is the third highest award for military services. This award is awarded for bravery in the battleground.
- Ashok Chakra: Ashok Chakra is one of the peacetime awards and is presented for valor, courageous action or self-sacrifice away from the battlefield. In this category Kirti Chakra comes second. Shaurya Chakra comes third after Kirti Chakra.
Here you can also go through details of various other awards like Bharat Ratna, Noble Prize, Civilians awards, etc which will be very helpful for Government exams like UPSC, State PSCs, SSC and other competitive exams.