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Medical Full Forms List - Important Full Forms, Abbreviations.

Medical Full Forms List: The healthcare/hospital field has got a lot of technical terminology, along with a number of medical abbreviations which are used in prescriptions, communicating general needs and billing. Therefore, it is important to understand the context in which the abbreviation or term has been used. By using the list given below, you can take control of your healthcare needs.

Acronym

Full Form

MBBS

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery

MD

Doctor of Medicine

BAMS

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery

MRI

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

RBC

Red Blood Cell

OPD

Outpatient Department

OCD

bsessive-Compulsive Disorder

OSA

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

RHD

Rheumatic Heart Disease

PKD

Polycystic Kidney Disease

PMS

Premenstrual Syndrome

PIV

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

BDS

Bachelor of Dental Surgery

RNA

Ribonucleic Acid

PTSD

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

BMR

Basal Metabolic Rate

STD

Subscriber Trunk Dialing, Sexually Transmitted Diseases

BMI

Body Mass Index

BMT

Bone Marrow Transplant

CBC

Complete Blood Count

TT

Tetanus Toxoid

TLC

Total Lung Capacity

BCG

Bacillus Calmette-Guerin

EBV

Epstein – Barr virus

DNA

Deoxyribo Nucleic Acid

ECG

ElectroCardioGram

UTI

Urinary Tract Infection

PCP

Primary Care Physician

AIDS

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

WBC

White Blood Cell

ARDS

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

MRI

Magnetic Resonance Imaging


General Terms used:- 
These general medical terms are oftentimes abbreviated for ease of communication.

  • AA - amino acid
  • ABG - arterial blood gas
  • ADM - admission, admitted
  • ALS - advanced life support, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • AMA - against medical advice, American Medical Association
  • ASAP - as soon as possible
  • A&W - alive and well
  • C - centigrade, celsius
  • CC - cubic centimeter, chief complaint, critical care, complications, carbon copy
  • C/O - complains of, care of
  • CO2 - carbon dioxide
  • D/C - discontinue or discharge
  • DNR - do not resuscitate
  • DO - disorder
  • DOA - dead on arrival or date of admission
  • DOB - date of birth
  • DOT - directly observed therapy
  • DSM - Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
  • EDC - estimated date of confinement
  • EDD - estimated delivery date
  • EGA - estimated gestational age
  • ER - emergency room
  • F - fahrenheit
  • H&P - history and physical examination
  • HPI - history of present illness
  • H/O - history of
  • HR - heart rate or hour
  • HS - hour of sleep (bedtime)
  • ICU - intensive care unit
  • ID - infectious diseases
  • IP - inpatient
  • IQ - intelligence quotient
  • IU - international units
  • MCO - managed care organization
  • MG - milligram
  • MVA - motor vehicle accident
  • ML - milliliter
  • NKDA - no known drug allergies
  • NTG - nitroglycerin
  • O2 - oxygen
  • OPD - outpatient department
  • P - pulse
  • Post-op - postoperative (after surgery)
  • Pre-op - preoperative (before surgery)
  • PA or PT - patient
  • PCP - primary care physician
  • RBC - red blood cell
  • RF - risk factor
  • S - without (sans)
  • SX - symptoms
  • S/S - signs and symptoms
  • STAT - immediately
  • T - temperature
  • TPR - temperature, pulse, respiration
  • USOH - usual state of health
  • VS - vital signs
  • VSS - vital signs stable
  • WB - whole blood
  • WBC - white blood cell
  • WNL - within normal limits
Prescription
These abbreviations are used in the context of prescription drugs.

  • ABX - antibiotics
  • AC - before meals
  • Ad lib - at will, as desired
  • BID - bis in dies (twice a day)
  • CAP - capsule
  • GTT - drop-liquid measurement
  • i - 1
  • ii - 2
  • iii - 3
  • iv - 4
  • v - 5
  • MDD - maximum daily dose
  • NPO - nothing by mouth
  • OCP - oral contraceptive pill
  • OPV - oral polio vaccine
  • OTC - over the counter
  • PC - after meals
  • PCN - penicillin
  • PNV - prenatal vitamins
  • PO - per os (by mouth)
  • PRN - as needed
  • q2h - every 2 hours
  • q3h - every 3 hours
  • qam - every morning
  • qd - once a day
  • qh - once every hour
  • qhs - at bedtime
  • qid - four times a day
  • qod - every other day
  • qpm - every evening
  • RDI - recommended daily intake
  • Rx - prescription, treatment
  • SC/SQ - subcutaneous
  • TAB - tablet
  • TIW - three times a week