# New Pattern Puzzles for Government Exams PDF

New Pattern Puzzles for Government Exams PDF: Reasoning Ability is a very important section. With every passing year, the level of the reasoning section is increasing along with the complexity of the questions that are asked in either prelims or mains. However,  this section is based on logical rules which can be aced if practiced properly. The only way to achieve this  goal is by practicing regularly. So in order to make yourslef accustomed with reasoning question, there are a few reasoning puzzles which are based on the previous year papers:-

Directions (1-5): Study the information and answer the following questions:
Eight family members are sitting in a row, some are facing north while some are facing south direction. There are three generations in the family.

G is grandfather of D and sits fourth to the right of his son. E’s mother sits third to the left of E’s husband. More than three persons sit between G and H. C and G are facing opposite directions. D sits third to the right of her mother. B is son-in-law of A. G does not sit at ends. D is not an immediate neighbour of G. C is father of D and sits second to the left of D. F is sister-in-law of E and sits third to the right of her father-in-law. G’s wife sits second to the right of him and both are facing opposite direction to each other. D and H are cousin, and both are unmarried. A has one son and one daughter. Three persons are sitting in between H and his mother. E sits fourth right of H who is facing opposite direction of E. C’s wife facing south. E is married to B.

Q1. Who among the following sits second the right of A?

C’s mother
F
E’s father
D
B

Q2. Who among the following is husband of F?
G
B
H
C
D

Q3. How many persons sit in between G and his daughter?
Two
None
Four
Three
More than Four

Q4. What is the position of H with respect to his aunt?
Immediate left
Fourth to the right
Third to the left
Second to the right
None of these

Q5. Four of the following five from a group, which among the following does not belong to this group?
H
A
F
E
D

Directions (6-10): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions. In a certain code language:
“Strategy Capital Security” is written as “ V#10 Z&12 G#18”
“Article Quota Breaking” is written as “F&6 I#10 I&12”
“Ultimate Vehicle Analysis” is written as “V&12 O#12 M#10”

Q6. What is the code for ‘Medical’?
N#10
V&12
D&6
U#14
None of these

Q7. What is the code for ‘Nuclear’?
O&10
H&12
M#16
F&12
None of these

Q8. What is the code for ‘Social Depend’?
G&10 K&14
F#12 L#6
V#12 L#6
V&12 H#10
None of these

Q9. Which of the following word coded as ‘ R&12’?
Prediction
Rise
Disaster
Finance
None of these

Q10. What is the code for ‘Community’?
L&18
K#6
M&10
L#18
None of these

Directions (11-12): In making decision about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between “strong” arguments and “weak” arguments. “Strong” arguments must be both important and directly related to the question. “Weak” arguments may not be directly related to the question and may be of minor importance or may be related to the trivial aspects of the question.

Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the argument is a “strong” argument and which is a “weak” argument.

Q11. Should the knowledge of Hindi language be made compulsory for all the employees of public sector organization?
Arguments: I: Yes, it is necessary for dealing with people from the educationally backward part of the society.
II. No, it is not necessary for every employee to have the knowledge of Hindi Language.
if only argument I is strong.
if only argument II is strong.
if either argument I or II is strong.
if neither argument I nor II is strong.
if both arguments I and II are strong.

Q12. Should it be made compulsory for all the private sector organization to reserve quota for socially backward classes?
Arguments: I: No, the private sector should not be governed by the Government rules.
II: Yes, private sector organizations should also contribute in upliftment of socially backward classes.
if only argument I is strong.
if only argument II is strong.
if either argument I or II is strong.
if neither argument I nor II is strong.
if both arguments I and II are strong.

Directions (13-15): Read the given information carefully and answer the given questions.
There are six boxes P, Q, R, S, T and U each having different numbers of fruits in it (not necessarily in same order). Box P has 60 fruits. Box Q has more fruits than box S and U. The box which has maximum fruits, has odd numbered fruits in it. Box Q has 40 fruits in it. Box U has more fruits than box T. The box which has least number of fruits has even numbered fruits in it. S has odd numbered of fruits in it. The box which has 2nd least number of Fruits, has even number of Fruits in it.

Q13. How many boxes have less number of fruits than R?
None
Two
Three
One
More than three

Q14. What is the possible number of fruits in box S?
24
36
25
32
44

Q15. Which of the following boxes have greater number of fruits than T but less than Q?
S
R
P
Both (A) and (E)
U
---------------------------------------------------

Directions (1-5): Study the information and answer the following questions:
Eight family members are sitting in a row, some are facing north while some are facing south direction. There are three generations in the family.

G is grandfather of D and sits fourth to the right of his son. E’s mother sits third to the left of E’s husband. More than three persons sit between G and H. C and G are facing opposite directions. D sits third to the right of her mother. B is son-in-law of A. G does not sit at ends. D is not an immediate neighbour of G. C is father of D and sits second to the left of D. F is sister-in-law of E and sits third to the right of her father-in-law. G’s wife sits second to the right of him and both are facing opposite direction to each other. D and H are cousin, and both are unmarried. A has one son and one daughter. Three persons are sitting in between H and his mother. E sits fourth right of H who is facing opposite direction of E. C’s wife facing south. E is married to B.

Q1. Who among the following sits second the right of A?

C’s mother
F
E’s father
D
B

Q2. Who among the following is husband of F?
G
B
H
C
D

Q3. How many persons sit in between G and his daughter?
Two
None
Four
Three
More than Four

Q4. What is the position of H with respect to his aunt?
Immediate left
Fourth to the right
Third to the left
Second to the right
None of these

Q5. Four of the following five from a group, which among the following does not belong to this group?
H
A
F
E
D

Directions (6-10): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions. In a certain code language:
“Strategy Capital Security” is written as “ V#10 Z&12 G#18”
“Article Quota Breaking” is written as “F&6 I#10 I&12”
“Ultimate Vehicle Analysis” is written as “V&12 O#12 M#10”

Q6. What is the code for ‘Medical’?

N#10
V&12
D&6
U#14
None of these

Q7. What is the code for ‘Nuclear’?
O&10
H&12
M#16
F&12
None of these

Q8. What is the code for ‘Social Depend’?
G&10 K&14
F#12 L#6
V#12 L#6
V&12 H#10
None of these

Q9. Which of the following word coded as ‘ R&12’?
Prediction
Rise
Disaster
Finance
None of these

Q10. What is the code for ‘Community’?
L&18
K#6
M&10
L#18
None of these

Directions (11-12): In making decision about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between “strong” arguments and “weak” arguments. “Strong” arguments must be both important and directly related to the question. “Weak” arguments may not be directly related to the question and may be of minor importance or may be related to the trivial aspects of the question.

Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the argument is a “strong” argument and which is a “weak” argument.

Q11. Should the knowledge of Hindi language be made compulsory for all the employees of public sector organization?
Arguments: I: Yes, it is necessary for dealing with people from the educationally backward part of the society.
II. No, it is not necessary for every employee to have the knowledge of Hindi Language.
if only argument I is strong.
if only argument II is strong.
if either argument I or II is strong.
if neither argument I nor II is strong.
if both arguments I and II are strong.

Q12. Should it be made compulsory for all the private sector organization to reserve quota for socially backward classes?
Arguments: I: No, the private sector should not be governed by the Government rules.
II: Yes, private sector organizations should also contribute in upliftment of socially backward classes.
if only argument I is strong.
if only argument II is strong.
if either argument I or II is strong.
if neither argument I nor II is strong.
if both arguments I and II are strong.

Directions (13-15): Read the given information carefully and answer the given questions.
There are six boxes P, Q, R, S, T and U each having different numbers of fruits in it (not necessarily in same order). Box P has 60 fruits. Box Q has more fruits than box S and U. The box which has maximum fruits, has odd numbered fruits in it. Box Q has 40 fruits in it. Box U has more fruits than box T. The box which has least number of fruits has even numbered fruits in it. S has odd numbered of fruits in it. The box which has 2nd least number of Fruits, has even number of Fruits in it.

Q13. How many boxes have less number of fruits than R?
None
Two
Three
One
More than three

Q14. What is the possible number of fruits in box S?
24
36
25
32
44

Q15. Which of the following boxes have greater number of fruits than T but less than Q?
S
R
P
Both (A) and (E)
U
-----------------------------------------------

Seven boxes N, O, P, Q, R, T, and S are placed one above another. They are of different colours i.e. Red, Yellow, Pink, White, Brown, Peach, and Blue (but not necessarily in the same order). Each box has different numbers of books in it, i.e. 21, 11, 19, 13, 8, 5, 25 (not necessarily in same order). Box O has 11 books in it. Box Q doesn’t have 19 books in it. There are three boxes are placed between O and the box which colour is white. Box P’s colour is not white. Box N is placed just above box T, which colour is not yellow. Colour of box S is red. Brown coloured box has minimum number of books in it. There is only one box is placed between box O and Q. Box R is placed below, white coloured box. Box S is placed above box Q. Yellow coloured box is placed just above box O. Box N is not placed at top and it is also not placed above Q. There are only three boxes are placed between box O and the box which has second highest number of books in it. The box which has highest number of books placed above red coloured box. Peach coloured box has 19 books in it and placed above R. Colour of Box Q is not brown. Pink coloured box has 13 books in it.

Q1. What is the colour of Box O?
White
Yellow
Peach
Blue
None of these

Q2. Which of the following box is placed at top?
N
P
Both (B) and (D)
Yellow coloured box
None of these

Q3. How many boxes are placed between T and the box which has 8 books in it?
One
Three
Two
More than three
None of these

Q4. Which of the following box has 13 books in it?
S
P
N
Q
None of these

Q5. What is the colour of Box N?
White
Yellow
Peach
Blue
None of these

Directions (6-11): Each of the questions given below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

Q6. How many daughter’s U have?
I. Only five members in a family. P has only one son, U has only 2 children. P is daughter-in-law of W. W is father of U.
II. P has 2 children. U is husband of P. W is son of U.
If statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question, but statement II is not sufficient to answer the question.
If statement II is sufficient to answer the question, but statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
If statement either I or II is sufficient to answer the question.
If both the statements I and II taken together are not sufficient to answer the question.
If both the statements I and II taken together are sufficient to answer the question.

Q7. Who amongst the following is tallest?
I.B is shorter than only 2 persons. A is taller than B. C is taller than E.
II. Both C and E are shorter than A. C is shorter than B.
If statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question, but statement II is not sufficient to answer the question.
If statement II is sufficient to answer the question, but statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
If statement either I or II is sufficient to answer the question.
If both the statements I and II taken together are not sufficient to answer the question.
If both the statements I and II taken together are sufficient to answer the question.

Q8. Who is uncle of C?
I. C is the son of B who is daughter in law of S.
II. P is brother of D and one of the sons of S.
If statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question, but statement II is not sufficient to answer the question.
If statement II is sufficient to answer the question, but statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
If statement either I or II is sufficient to answer the question.
If both the statements I and II taken together are not sufficient to answer the question.
If both the statements I and II taken together are sufficient to answer the question.

Q9. What is code for ‘monday’ ?
I. If the code for “ november february march april” is “ sx lx zt fx” and the code of “ february december Sunday monday” is “ lv xs lx mn”.
II. The code for “march sunday february december” is “ lv fx lx mn”.
If statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question, but statement II is not sufficient to answer the question.
If statement II is sufficient to answer the question, but statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
If statement either I or II is sufficient to answer the question.
If both the statements I and II taken together are not sufficient to answer the question.
If both the statements I and II taken together are sufficient to answer the question.

Q10. Point ‘Q’ is in which direction with respect to point ‘P’?
I. Point A is in west of Point B, which is in north of Point C. Point B is exactly middle between A and Q. Pont P is north of Point C.
II. Point A is in east of Point B, which is in south of Point Q. Point P is in west of Point B.
If statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question, but statement II is not sufficient to answer the question.
If statement II is sufficient to answer the question, but statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
If statement either I or II is sufficient to answer the question.
If both the statements I and II taken together are not sufficient to answer the question.
If both the statements I and II taken together are sufficient to answer the question.

Q11. What is the position of P with respect to K in a row of 30 students, all are facing in north direction?
I. K is tenth from the left and S is eleventh from the right. P is exactly between S and K.
II. W is seventh to the right of J, who is twelfth from the left.
If statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question, but statement II is not sufficient to answer the question.
If statement II is sufficient to answer the question, but statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
If statement either I or II is sufficient to answer the question.
If both the statements I and II taken together are not sufficient to answer the question.
If both the statements I and II taken together are sufficient to answer the question.

Directions (12-13): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
(i) ‘P + Q’ means ‘P is father of Q’
(ii) ‘P – Q’ means ‘P is mother of Q’
(iii) ‘P × Q’ means ‘P is brother of Q’ (iv) ‘P ÷ Q’ means ‘P is sister of Q’

Q12. Which of the following means ‘A is grandmother of F’?
B + J – F+ A
A÷ B – J + F
B ×A × T – F
A-B × T + F
None of these

Q13. How is D related to C is the expression ‘S + G×D ÷ R× B-C’?
Son
Daughter
Son or daughter
Aunt
Sister

Q14. Statement : World Health Organisation has decided to double its assistance to various health programmes in India as per-capital expenditure on health in India is very low compared to may other countries. Assumptions : I. The enhanced assistance may substantially increase the per-capita expenditure on health in India and bring it on par with other countries. II. The Government funding is less than adequate to provide medical facilities in India.
Only I is implicit
Only II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit

Q15. Statement : “A visit of school children to forest to widen their knowledge of natural resources has been arranged.” – A notice in the school. Assumptions : I. Forests are full of natural resources. II. Children are likely to learn from their interaction with the new environment.
Only I is implicit
Only II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit