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Nobel Prize Winner List

Nobel Prize Winner List 2018

The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances. In this article, we are giving the list of 2018, 2017 and 2016 laureates who get a Nobel prize for the contributions in chemistry, economics, literature, peace, physics, or physiology or medicine.

The Selection Process

  • The prestige of the Nobel Prize stems in part from the considerable research that goes into the selection of the prizewinners. 
  • Although the winners are announced in October and November, the selection process begins in the early autumn of the preceding year, when the prize-awarding institutions invite more than 6,000 individuals to propose, or nominate, candidates for the prizes. 
  • Some 1,000 people submit nominations for each prize, and the number of nominees usually ranges from 100 to about 250.
  • Among those nominating are Nobel laureates, members of the prize-awarding institutions themselves; scholars active in the fields of physics, chemistry, economics, and physiology or medicine; and officials and members of diverse universities and learned academies. 
  • The respondents must supply a written proposal that details their candidates’ worthiness. Self-nomination automatically disqualifies the nominee.
  • Prize proposals must be submitted to the Nobel Committees on or before January 31 of the award year.

Nobel Prizes and Laureates 2018

Nobel Laureates

Field

Contribution

James P. Allison(USA), Tasuku Honjo(Japan)

Physiology or Medicine

For their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation

GĂ©rard Mourou(France),

Arthur Ashkin(USA),

Donna Strickland(Canada)

Physics

For their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses in the field of laser physics

George Smith (USA),

Frances Arnold (USA),

Greg Winter (UK)

Chemistry

For control of evolution and used it for purposes that bring the greatest benefit to humankind.

This year no Nobel Prize for Literature

Literature

This year no Nobel Prize for Literature

Denis Mukwege (Democratic Republic of the Congo),

Nadia Murad (Germany)

Peace

For their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict.

William Nordhaus (US)

Paul Romer(US)

Economic Sciences

For work on climate change, and the endogenous growth theory

Nobel Prize Winner List 2017

FIELD

WINNER

DESCRIPTION

Physics

Rainer Weiss (USA) Barry C. Barish (USA) Kip S. Thorne (USA)

for decisive contributions to the LIGO detector and the observation of gravitational waves

Chemistry

Jacques Dubochet (Switzerland) Joachim Frank (USA) Richard Henderson (Scotland)

for developing cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution

Physiology or Medicine

Jeffrey C. Hall (USA) Michael Rosbash (USA) Michael W. Young (USA)

for their discoveries of molecular mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm

Literature

Kazuo Ishiguro (Britain)

who, in novels of great emotional force, has uncovered the abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world

Peace

(ICAN) International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons

for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel

Richard H. Thaler (USA)

for his contributions to behavioral economics



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