# Reasoning Puzzles for Bank PO Exams

Reasoning Puzzles for Bank PO Exams: Reasoning Puzzles is a very important section for bank exams. With every passing year, the level of the reasoning section is increasing along with the complexity of the questions that are asked in either prelims or mains. However,  this section is based on logical rules which can be aced if practiced properly. The only way to achieve this  goal is by practicing regularly. So in order to make yourself accustomed with reasoning question, there are a few reasoning puzzles which are based on the previous year papers:-

Directions (1-5): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it:
Some boxes are arranged one above another. Box R is immediately above box M, which is of Blue color. Only two boxes are there in between Orange box and box T. Orange box is above box T. There is only one box in between box P and box S. Box S is of Purple color and is placed above box R. There are three boxes in between Orange box and Green box. Green box is placed below T. Only one box is placed in between box R and Orange box. More than four boxes are placed in between box P and Orange box. Not more than two boxes are placed in between box M and box S.

Q1. How many boxes are there in the arrangement?
Ten
Eleven
Fourteen
Twelve
None of these

Q2. How many boxes are there between box R and box T?
Five
One
Four
Two
None of these

Q3. Which box is immediately above Orange box?
S
R
Purple box
M
Green box

Q4. Which box is placed at top and bottom respectively?
T, S
R, Purple box
P, Green box
T, M
Blue box, R

Q5. How many boxes are there between Purple box and Green box?
Ten
Eight
Seven
Six
None of these

Directions (6-10): Each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and give answer.

Q6. How is ‘sunday’ written in a code language?
I. ‘January march sunday april monday tuesday’ is written as ‘dd ee jj oo tt yy’ in that code language.
II. ‘June monday july april march tuesday’ is written as ‘dd ee ll oo ww yy’ in that code language.
If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
If the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
If the data in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Q7. A is in which direction of B?
I. C is towards west of A and towards North-east of B.
II. C is towards south of D, which is towards North-east of A.
If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
If the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
If the data in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Q8. Amongst U, V and W, who scored the highest number of runs in the series XYZ?
I. Total score made by U and W was more than V’s Score.
II. Number of total centuries and fifties made by V were higher than U and W both, in the series.
If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
If the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
If the data in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Q9. A, B, C, D, E and F are sitting in a circle, facing towards the centre of the circle. Who is sitting on the immediate left of A?
I. A is facing D. Only C is between A and B. F is between E and A.
II. F is on the immediate left of E. Only D is between B and E. C is not adjacent to F.
If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
If the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
If the data in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Q10. Amongst A, E, I, O and U, which book is having the least price?
I. Price of the book U is less than those of I and O only.
II. Price of A is less than O and more than E.
If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
If the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
If the data in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Direction (11-12): Read the information carefully and answer the question given below:
There are six buildings in a colony i.e. P, Q, R, S, T, U. Building P is 8km north of building Q. Building R is exactly between P & Q. Building S is 6km east of building R and building T is exactly between R & S. Building U is 2km south of building S.

Q11. What is the shortest distance between building P and T?
3 km
4 km
5 km
None-of-these
6 km

Q12. Building U is in which direction with respect to building Q?
North-west
North-east
South
None-of-these
North

Direction (13-15): Study the information carefully and answer the questions given below.
Two friends Silva and Jones started walking from two different points. Silva, who started from point A moved along a circular track and after walking 11km he reached point B, from where he turned left and walked 5km to reach point C after which he stopped. Jones started from point F towards west direction and after walking 5km, he reached point E. From point E he turned 45 degree towards his left and walked √8 km to reach point D. After reaching point D, he turned 45 degrees in clockwise direction. He then moved ahead 5km to reach point C which is towards the west of point D. Point B, C and D are in straight line.

Q13. In which direction was Silva facing at instant he travelled three-fourth of his total journey?
East
West
North East
South East
Cannot be determined

Q14. If Silva keeps on walking ahead from point C and reached point G after walking 12 km, then what is the shortest distance between point F and G?
7km
4km
2km
More than 7km
None of these

Q15. In which direction did Silva start his journey?
West
East
North East
Cannot be determined
None of these

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Directions (1-5): Read the following information carefully to answer the given questions:
Twelve people are sitting in a straight line in such a way that some of them facing towards north and some of them facing towards south. Each of the them likes different colour either Green or Yellow. The one who likes Green are facing towards north and the one who likes yellow are facing towards south. Not more than two people likes same colour sit together.
Two people sit between N and T, who likes yellow. Four people sit between T and Q, who doesn’t sit to the left of N. O sits immediate left of T. Both the immediate neighbor of N likes Green. S sit second to the left of M. Both the immediate neighbors of O faces in opposite direction as O. P is not an immediate neighbor of N but likes Green. Only two people sit left of V. S faces in opposite direction as X. N faces towards south. Not more than two people sit between Q and V, who likes Green. M sit second to the left of W, who sits third to the right of R. W likes Green. Only two people sit between U and R, who is not an immediate neighbor of V. Neither O nor M sit at any extreme end of the line. Q likes Yellow.

Q1. Who among the following sits third to the left of W?
S
V
X
R
P

Q2. Four of the following five from a group, which among the following does not belong to this group?
P
X
O
N
M

Q3. How many persons sit between T and the one who sits immediate right of M?
None
two
three
Four
More than Four

Q4. Which of the following statement is true about X?
X sits third to the right of Q
X likes Green colour
More than two persons sit O and X
the one who likes green colour sits immediate left of X
Only three persons sit between X and V

Q5. What is the position of S with respect to N?
Fifth to the right
Immediate left
Third to the left
Second to the right
None of these

Directions (6-10): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
In number arrangement machine when given an input line of numbers, it rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.
Input: 75 16 56 29 48 31 64 97 26 57
Step I: 92 75 56 48 31 64 97 26 57 17
Step II: 13 92 75 56 48 64 97 57 17 27
Step III: 75 13 92 75 56 64 97 17 27 49
Step IV: 57 75 13 92 64 97 17 27 49 57
Step V: 79 57 75 13 92 17 27 49 57 65
And step V is the last step of the arrangement.
As per the above rule followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the input given below;
Input: 86 12 53 22 45 19 32 29 74 93

Q6. Which of the following is the last step of above input?

III
VI
IV
V
None of these

Q7. Which is the following step?
Step: 54 92 91 86 53 74 93 13 23 33

VI
III
IV
V
There is no such step

Q8. What is 4th element from right end in Step IV?
13
91
86
93
54

Q9. Which of the following elements lies exactly between 91 and 32 in step II?
13
86
53
23
74

Q10. Which of the following is the fifth step for input?
39 35 54 33 75 87 92 91 13 23
39 35 33 75 87 54 92 91 13 23
39 91 13 23 33 35 54 92 75 87
39 35 23 33 54 92 91 13 75 87
39 35 54 92 91 13 23 33 75 87

Directions (11-15): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions. In a certain code language:
“Magazine Today Master” is written as “ 3\$Q 4\$D 2.5#X”
“Defence High Challenges” is written as “5\$R 3.5#D 2\$G”
“Response Inspiration Trial” is written as “4\$D 5.5#M 2.5#K”
Q11. What is the code for “Interface”?

3#D
4.5#D
5\$F
6\$G
None of these

Q12. What is the code for “Article Subscriber”?
4#K 6.5\$H
2\$F 3#C
4\$Q 5.5#D
3.5#D 5\$Q
None of these

Q13. What is the code for “Quiz”?
2\$Y
5#G
6#F
7.5 \$ D
None of these

Q14. What is the code for “Regional”
6#H
4\$K
5.5#U
2.5\$F
None of these

Q15. What is the code for “Separated”?
5#D
6\$G
4.5#C
7\$B
None of these

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Directions (1-5): Study the information carefully and answer the questions given below.
Six players live in a building having six floors with the ground floor is numbered as first, the topmost floor which is numbered as sixth. Each of them plays different games and likes different colour.
D lives above A who does not play archery. There is only one floor between the one who plays football and the one who likes pink colour. The one who likes pink colour lives above the one who plays football. B plays cricket and lives on an even numbered floor. The one who likes pink colour plays either boxing or volleyball. There are three floors between A and D. The one who likes black colour does not play Volleyball. The one who likes white colour lives on the second floor and plays neither cricket nor football. C, who lives above A, likes black colour. The one who plays rugby likes blue colour. The one who plays volleyball lives on an odd numbered floor. There is only one floor between C and A who does not like white colour. E plays boxing and stays just above the person who plays volleyball. The person who lives on the topmost floor likes either yellow or pink colour. F lives on an even numbered floor and does not likes green colour.

Q1. Who among the following lives on 5th floor?
the one who likes black colour
D
the one who plays Rugby
the one who likes yellow colour
C

Q2. Which of the following game played by the one who likes green colour?
Boxing
Rugby
Football
Cricket
Volleyball

Q3. Which of the following true with respect to A?
Volleyball- Pink
Boxing- Yellow
Rugby-Blue
Cricket- Green
Football-Black

Q4. The one who plays Archery lives on which of the following floor?
6th Floor
1st Floor
3rd Floor
4th Floor
2nd Floor

Q5. Which of the following statement is not true about E?
E likes yellow colour
Only two persons sit between E and C
E lives on an even numbered floor
The one who likes Green colour lives immediate below E
E plays boxing

Directions (6-9): In these questions, relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. These statements are followed by two conclusions. Mark answer

Q6.

if only conclusion I is true.
if only conclusion II is true.
if either conclusion I or II is true.
if neither conclusion I nor II is true.
if both conclusion I and II are true.

Q7.
if only conclusion I is true.
if only conclusion II is true.
if either conclusion I or II is true.
if neither conclusion I nor II is true.
if both conclusion I and II are true.

Q8.

if only conclusion I is true.
if only conclusion II is true.
if either conclusion I or II is true.
if neither conclusion I nor II is true.
if both conclusion I and II are true.

Q9.
if only conclusion I is true.
if only conclusion II is true.
if either conclusion I or II is true.
if neither conclusion I nor II is true.
if both conclusion I and II are true.

Q10. A person started walking from point A towards South direction. After walking 10m he took a right turn and walked 4m. He then took a left turn and walked 5m. He again took a right turn and walked 4m meters and stopped at point B then what is the shortest distance and in which direction was he from starting point?
13m, South
17m, North-east
25m, West
17m, south-west
None of these

Directions (11-13): Study the information carefully and answer the questions given below.
A person starts walking in north direction from point P, after walking 15m he reached at point A, then he takes right turn and walks 7m to reach at point Q. After that he walks in south direction and walks 10m to reach at point M. Point B is 5m east of point M. Point R is 22m north of B. Point C is 10m west of R.

Q11. What is the direction of R with respect to person’s initial position?
North
West
South-West
North-East
None of these

Q12. What is the shortest distance between Q and R?
13m
25
20m
17m
22m

Q13. What is the direction of P with respect to B?
South-East
North-West
South-West
East
None of these

Directions (14-15): In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent cause. These statements may be independent cause without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as

Q14. I. India has surpassed the value of tea exports this year over all the earlier years due to an increase in demand for quality tea in the European market.

II. There is an increase in demand of coffee in the domestic market during the last two years.
if statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;
if statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;
if both the statements I and II are independent causes;
if both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and
if both the statements I and II are-effects of some common cause.

Q15. I. There is increase in water level of all the water tanks supplying drinking water to the city during the last fortnight.
II. Most of the trains were cancelled last week due to water-logging on the tracks.

if statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;
if statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;
if both the statements I and II are independent causes;
if both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and
if both the statements I and II are-effects of some common cause.