Indian River And Thier Origin Study Notes


Indian River And Thier Origin

Rivers play an important role in the lives of the people of World. They provide potable water, cheap transportation, electricity and livelihood for a large number of people all over the country. Also, since the land near rivers is very fertile, it serves a number of agricultural purposes too. As a result, almost all the major cities and towns are located by the banks of rivers. In Geography, a bank generally refers to the land alongside a body of water. All competitive exams generally asked 1 to 2 questions related to Indian rivers. Since this is an important article, download it as PDF and file it in your notes.

River Origin End
Ganga Gangotri Glacier (Bhagirathi), Uttarakhand Bay of Bengal
Yamuna Yamunotri Glacier, Uttarakhand Merges with Ganga at Allahabad
Brahmaputra Angsi Glacier in Himalayas in Tibet, but enters India in Arunachal Pradesh Merges with Ganga and ends in Bay of Bengal
Indus Originates in Tibetan plateau, Enters India in J&K Arabian sea
Hugli Tributary of Ganga near West Bengal Merges with Ganga at Bay of Bengal
Gomti Tributary of Ganga, starting at Gomat Taal, UP Joins Ganga in Varanasi
Son Tributary of Ganga, starting at Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh Joins Ganga just above Patna
Gandak Nepal; Ganges tributary at Indo-Nepal border Joins Ganga near Patna
Kosi Starts from Bihar near Indo-Nepal border Joins Ganga near Katihar district of Bihar
Mahanadi Sihawa mountain of Chhatisgarh Bay of Bengal
Jhelum Tributary of Chenub river, Punjab Merges with Chenab at Jhang (Pakistan)
Ravi Starts from Bara Bhangal, Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh Joins Chenab in Pakistan
Sutlej Tributary of Indus river, originates at Rakshastal, Tibet Meets Beas river in Pakistan and ends at Arabian sea
Beas Rises at Himalayas in central Himachal Pradesh Joins Sutlej river in Punjab
Kaveri Talakaveri in Western Ghats in Karnataka Ends in Bay of Bengal
Krishna Originates in the Western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra Ends in Bay of Bengal near Andhra Pradesh
Godavari Starts in Maharashtra Ends in Bay of Bengal
Tungabhadra Tributary of Krishna river staring at Karnataka Joins Krishna river along the border of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh
Tapti Rises in Eastern Satpura Ranges, Madhya Pradesh Ends into Gulf of Khambat, Gujarat
Mahi Rises in Madhya Pradesh Flows into Arabian sea from Gujarat
Narmada Starts from Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh Drains into Arabian sea via Gulf of Cambay
  1. Godavari is the second longest river in India.
  2. Brahmaputra River is called Yarlung Tsangpo in Tibet, Dihang in Arunanchal Pradesh, Brahmaputra in Assam and Jamuna in Bangladesh.
  3. Ganges is known as Padma river in Bangladesh.
  4. Tons River is the largest tributary of Yamuna.
  5. The Narmada, also called the Rewa and Tapti river that flow in rift vally.
  6. The Jog waterfalls are on the river Sharavathi
  7. Tapti rivers is in Satpura range
  8. Indus falls into the sea near Karachi
  9. The river with highest tidal bore in India is Hoogli
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