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Types of Sentences

A sentence gives a complete meaning, a thought or an idea about something.

e.g.: I like the car.

The above example gives an idea of the meaning of a sentence.

The different types of sentences can be used to express what we want to express or use for different purposes. It's important to know the function of each type of sentence so that you can choose the right sentence depending on your purpose. The sentences are classified as: declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory; each having their own functions and patterns.

Let’s know more about sentence structure as:

Statement/Declarative Sentence:

These are the simple sentences used in writing, speeches, and lectures etc. for stating or declaring something. Simpler to understand, statements provide information, otherwise known as declarative sentences. Such sentence ends with a period.

For more information on Declarative Sentence read Declarative Sentence Examples

Imperative Sentence:

These types of sentences are used to give instruction, advice, expresses a command, an order, a direction, or a request. These are also known as a jussive or a directive sentence. Such sentence may end with an exclamation mark or a period. These are usually simple and short, but could be long and complex, depending upon its context.

For more information on Imperative Sentence read Imperative Sentence Types and Examples

Question/Interrogative Sentence:

In interrogative sentence, a direct is question is asked, and these are punctuated with a question mark. Such type of sentence usually ends with a note of interrogation (?) instead of a period (.). An interrogative sentence can be either in affirmative or negative form.

For more information on Imperative Sentence read  Interrogative Sentence Examples

Exclamatory Sentence:

These are like declarative sentences in that they make a statement instead of asking a question, but their main purpose is to express strong emotion. An exclamatory sentence is used to write and express strong emotions. They are easily recognized because they end with an exclamation mark (!) instead of a period (.)

Notice that each one of these examples contains both a subject and a verb, which is still a requirement for a complete sentence. Exclamatory sentences are often used in casual conversation and in written dialogue to show emotion, but they are not typically useful in academic or expository writing. In these more serious works, it's better to make your point with well-written declarative sentences instead.

Some examples:

  • Exclamation with “How”: How fast she runs!
  • Exclamation with “What”: What a beautiful necklace!
  • Exclamation with “so”: The birthday cake was so tasty!
  • Exclamation with “such”: You’re such a coward!
  • Exclamation conveys strong emotion: I love you!

For More information on Exclamatory Sentences read Exclamatory Words and Examples

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