Vitamin Types, Sources and Diseases caused by deficiency | Study Notes

Vitamin Types, Sources and Diseases caused by deficiency

A human Body needs Vitamins, Carbohydrates and Fat to grow and Vitamins are organic compounds which boost & strengthen metabolism in our body. Vitamins are vital amino acids. These organic compounds are required in very small quantities for our body. Without Vitamins the food breakdown could not be possible. It is also responsible for the formation of blood Cells, Hormones, Bones, Muscles and other nervous & genetic compounds in a Human Body.

There are two types of Vitamins.

Water Soluble Vitamins : - It includes Vitamins C and B-Complex.

Fat Soluble Vitamins : - Vitamin A, D, E and K are considered soluble in fat.

Vitamins Chemical Name Sources Diseases Caused By Their Deficiency
Vitamin A Retinol Milk, Eggs, Fish, Butter, Fortified Margarine, Cheese, Green & Yellow Fruits And Vegetables, Sweet Potatoes, Pumpkin, Mangoes, Beet Greens, Dark Green Leaf Vegetables. Skin Abnormalities, Night Blindness
Vitamin D Calceferol Eggs, Fatty Fish, Butter, Margarine, Milk. Direct Sunlight Is The Best & An Abundant Source Of Vitamin D. Rickets In Children And Osteomalacia In Adults.
Vitamin E Tocopherols, Tocotrienols Meats, Poultry, Eggs, Vegetable Oils, Nuts, Olives, Tomatoes, Papaya, Blueberries, Sunflower Seeds And Kiwi Fruits. Tocopherols , Tocotrienols
Vitamin K Phylloquinone, Menaquinones Soyabean, Spinach, Cottonseed, Canola And Olive. Impaired Blood Clotting That Can Cause Easy Bruising And Bleeding Diathesis.
Vitamin C Ascorbic Acid Almost Every Fruits And Vegetables Contains Some Amount Of Vitamin C.But Generally Green Peppers, White Potatoes, Citrus Fruits And Vegetables, Strawberries, Tomatoes, Broccoli And Turnip Greens. Dryness, Scurvy, Anemia
Vitamin B1 Thiamine Yeast, Whole Grains, Lean Pork, Nuts, Legumes, Thiamine Enriched Cereal Products. Beri-Beri, Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin Whole Grains, Yogurt, Organ Meats, Nuts, Cheese, Eggs, Milk, Lean Meat, Legumes Fissures In The Corner Of Mouth, Tongue Inflammation.
Vitamin B3 Niacin Fish, Eggs, Many Vegetables, Cereal Products, Peanuts, Lean Meats, Legumes, Whole Grain Or Enriched Bread Diarrhea, Skin Disease And Dementia, Pellagra
Vitamin B5 Pantothenic Acid Liver, Kidney, Eggs And All Dairy Products Paresthesia
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine Liver, Organ Meats, Corn, Whole Grain Seeds & Cereals. Low Production Of Hemoglobin, Nervous System Disorders.
Vitamin B7 Biotin Egg Yolk, Tomatoes, Yeast Dermatitis, Enteritis
Vitamin B9 Folates Green Vegetables And Fruits Like Apples, Oranges, Dried Beans, Avacados, Sunflower Seeds And Wheat Germ. Its Deficiency During Pregnancy Is Associated With Birth Defects, Such As Neural Tube Defects.
Vitamin B12 Cyanocobalamin It Is Found In Animal Tissues As Liver, Kidney And Heart Of Ruminants. Megaloblastic Anemia.