Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

India is a land of diverse terrain and topography which is spread across a very large area having almost 23% of its land covered from forests. Having a large...

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12th March,2020

India is a land of diverse terrain and topography which is spread across a very large area having almost 23% of its land covered from forests. Having a large area covered under forests, this country is a home to a lot of flora, fauna, wildlife, etc. Accordingly, India’s wildlife is also very rich and diverse in nature. India is home to various exotic and endangered species, which needs to be protecting, resulted in developing a lot of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks. In India, there are more than 500 Wildlife Sanctuaries and more than 100 National Parks. There are lots of questions being asked in various Government exams related to various wildlife sanctuaries and national parks every year. In this blog, we have made a list of important wildlife sanctuaries and national parks across the country.

Wildlife Sanctuaries Features:-

  1. Established:- Wildlife Sanctuaries are established by IUCN ( International Union for the Conservation of Nature) category II protected areas.
  2. Purpose:- It is a place for abused, injured, endangered animals to live in peace and dignity.
  3. First Sanctuaries:- Senchal Game Sanctuary was first Wildlife Sanctuary established  in 1915 in West Bengal. 
  4. Largest:- Chal Batohi in Gujarat is the largest Wildlife Sanctuaries in the country.
  5. Total area covered:- More than 500 wildlife sanctuaries and national parks are established covering areas of 118918 square kms.
  6. Project Tiger:- 50 tiger reserves are governed under Project tiger specially for conserving Bengal tiger

List of top Wildlife Sanctuaries/Nation Parks in India


Located at ( District, State)


Corbett National Park (Jim Corbett National Park)

Nainital, Uttarakhand

The imposing Bengal Tigers

Ranthambore National Park

Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan

Majestic Tigers

Bandipur National Park

Gundlupet, Chamarajanagar District, Bandipur, Karnataka

Tiger, Asian elephant and many types of biomes

Keoladeo Ghana National Park

Bharatpur, Rajasthan

Avifauna Birds

Nagarhole National Park

Kodagu district and Mysore district, Karnataka

Tigers, Indian bison and elephants

Sariska National Park

Near Kraska, Alwar District, Sariska, Rajasthan

Bengal tigers

Kaziranga National Park

Kanchanjuri, Assam

One horned Rhinos, Tigers and Wild Buffaloes

Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary

Chikkamagaluru town, Karnataka


Kanha National Park

Madla/ Balaghat districts, Madhya Pradesh


Sunderbans National Park

Dayapur, Gosaba, West Bengal

Bengal tigers

Bandhavgarh National Park

Badhavgarh, District Umaria, Madhya Pradesh

White tiger

Gir National Park and Sasan Gir Sanctuary

Junagadh District, Gir Somnath District and Amreli District Gujarat, India

Asiatic lion

Periyar National Park

Idukki, Kottayam and Pathanamthitta, Kerala state, India

Asian Elephants, Periyar Lake

Pench National Park

Turia, Seoni Dist, Kurai, Madhya Pradesh

Inspired Rudyard Kiplingto write 'The Jungle Book', While Tigers

Manas National Park

Fatemabad - Mathanguri Road, Jyoti Gaon, Assam

wild water buffalo, Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur and pygmy hog

Dudhwa National Park

Palia Kalan, Uttar Pradesh

Tiger and swamp deer

Panna National Park

Panna and Chhatarpur districts, Madhya Pradesh, India


Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve

Chandrapur, Maharashtra, India


Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary

Munnar - Udumalpet Road, Munnar, Kerala

Endangered grizzled giant squirrel

The Great Himalayan National Park

SaiRopa, Kullu, Himachal Pradesh

Globally threatened,musk deer and the western horned tragopan

Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary

Uttara Kannada District , Karnataka India

Crocodiles, great hornbill and Malabar pied hornbill

Silent Valley National Park

Mannarkkad, Palakkad District, Kerala

Lion Tailed Macaque

Rajaji National Park

Dehradun, Uttarakhand

Asian elephants, Bengal tigers

Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary

Caranzol, Goa

Snakes, particularly the king cobra and black panther

Hemis National Park

Leh, Jammu and Kashmir

Snow leopards , gompas and holy chortens

Interview Island Wildlife Sanctuary

Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal


Kachchh/ Kutch Desert WLS

Great Rann of Kutch, Kutch district, Gujarat, India

Greater flamingo

Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary

Andhra Pradesh

" Largest habitat for pelicans, also Babblers, Flamingos, Open Billed Stork etc

Karakoram Wildlife Sanctuary

Leh District, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Chiru or "Tibetan Antelope, ibetan gazalle, Himalayan ibex

Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary (Wild Ass WLS)

Little Rann of Kutch, Gujarat, India

Endangered Indian Wild Ass/ ghudkhar

Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary

Dibang Valley , Arunachal Pradesh, India

rare species - mishmi takin, asiatic black bear, gongshan muntjac, red panda, red goral and musk deer

Nagarjuna Sagar-Srisailam WLS/ Rajiv Gandhi WLS

Nalgonda & Mahaboobnagar, Telangana

Bengal tiger

Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary

Kurnool District, Rollapadu, Andhra Pradesh

Great Indian Bustard and Lesser Florican

Papikonda Wildlife Sanctuary

Andhra Pradesh

Tiger, Wild water buffalo was seen here till 1980s, but appears to be extinct in this region

Pakhui/ Pakke Tiger Reserve

Kameng district, Arunachal Pradesh, India

Large cats - tiger, leopard and clouded leopard

Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary

Lohit District, Arunachal Pradesh, India

Elephant , Tiger, giant flying squirrel

Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary

Lower Dibang Valley district, Arunachal Pradesh

Bengal tiger, hoolock gibbon, leopard and clouded leopard.

Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary

Arunachal Pradesh

Birdwatcher's Paradise. Main attraction is Bugun liocichla , Asian elephant, capped langur (endangered), red panda, gaur, Asiatic black bear, Arunachal macaque

Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary

Udalguri District& Baksa District Assam, India

Pygmy hog, hispid hare (both protected)

Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary

Karbi Anglong district, Assam

hoolock gibbons and golden langurs, hot springs

Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary

Jorhat, Assam

Western hoolock gibbon and 15 species of apes

Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary

Munger district, Bihar

Tigers, panthers, birds

Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary

Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh

Tiger, leopard, bison

Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary

Narmada district of Gujarat

Python, pangolin, Flying squirrels

Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary

Surajpur District, Chhattisgarh


Shenbagathoppu Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary

Virudhunagar and Madurai districts, Tamil Nadu

Grizzled giant squirrel (vulnerable species), Periyar Tiger

Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary

Karnataka, India

popular for Mahseer fish, birds

Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary

Chamoli & Rudraprayag, Uttarakhand

Endangered Himalayan musk deer

Hastinapur WLS

Meerut, Hapur, Bijnore and Amroha, in Uttar Pradesh, India

Twelve - Horned Deer or "Baara Singha", the State Bird - Saaras [Crane],crocodiles, turtles, playful Ganga Dolphins, Birds

Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary

Satara, Maharashtra

Royal Bengal Tiger and King Cobra

Ramgarh Vishdhari Wildlife Sanctuary

Alwar District, Rajasthan

Bengal tigers, leopards

Few of the important topics related to Geography which would be very helpful for various Government exams are as below:-

  1. Landforms of India
  2. Drainage system in India
  3. Climate of India
  4. Natural Vegetation and National Parks
  5. Types of Soils in India
  6. World Climate Zones
  7. List of Rivers in India
  8. Highest Mountain Peak in India
  9. List of National Park In India
  10. Biosphere Reserves in India
  11. UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India
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